Saggio di Litologia Vesuviana dedicato a. S.M. La Regina delle Due Sicilie...

Naples and Pavia, Baldassarre Comino, 1791 Large 8° (218x139 mm). 272 pp. Title within typographical border. Later pasteboards, original wrappers bound in. An excellent, uncut copy. The second edition, the first had been printed in Naples in 1790 by the Stamperia Simoniana. Influenced by the studies of William Hamilton (see items 49 and 68), the Sicilian naturalist Gioeni – professor of botany and natural history at Catania - began to collect lithological and morphological data. The result of his researchs appeared in this work, which also offers the Catalogo of the different lava, a significant attempt to classify the volcanic rocks sistematically. About this topic Gioeni was in correspondence with Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu (see item 73). To the great naturalist from Catania was entitled, in 1823, the local Academy for Natural Science, the well-konwn Accademia Gioenia. “Several scientists at the end of the 18th century thought it necessary to describe in detail all the rock material found in the volcanic areas. Besides the well known works by Barthélemy Faujas de Saint-Fond (1741–1819), the Litologia Vesuviana by Giuseppe Gioeni […] was an interesting attempt to classify the volcanic rocks systematically in four units. During the last thirty years of the 18th century, volcanoes became the subject of specific mineralogical and lithological studies” (E. Vaccari, “Volcanic Travels”, p. 40). Furchheim, p. 66; E. Vaccari, “Volcanic Travels” and the Development of Volcanology in 18th Century Europe, “Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences”, 59 (2008), Suppl. i, pp. 37-50.
€ 810